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01603 920313

12 Broadland Court

Wherry Rd, Norwich, NR1 1UN

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Periodontal (gum) disease

gum disease

What is it?

Periodontal disease affects the gums and bone supporting your teeth. It is caused by sticky plaque and hard deposits of tartar. It usually happens when the teeth and gums are not kept clean enough. If you have very bad gum disease, you may have inherited it or you have a problem with your general health which needs to be investigated.

Thorough brushing can remove sticky plaque. Scaling and polishing can remove hard tartar. Without regular cleaning, gum will come away from the tooth, making pockets around the teeth where food and plaque can collect. Pockets are more difficult to keep clean so gum disease will usually get worse if nothing is done.

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Gum disease has two stages:

  1. It starts with inflammation- redness and swelling. Dentists call this gingivitis. It can be cured with good oral hygiene.
  2. The next stage is called chronic periodontitis. Some of the bone that supports the teeth is lost and the teeth became loose until they eventually have to be taken out. Periodontitis cannot be reversed once it starts but it doesn’t have to get worse if you clean your teeth properly and have regular root planning from your dentist or hygienist.

Who gets gum disease?

Gum disease can start when you are a teenager. Chronic periodontitis is normally only for adults. You might be worried about bad breath or how your teeth look as the bone is lost. People have different bacteria in their mouths. This may explain why gum disease gets worse more quickly for some people but not others.


  1. A crooked tooth is more difficult to keep clean so you might have gum disease in just part of your mouth.
  2. People have different bacteria in their mouths. This may explain why gum disease gets worse more quickly for some people but not others.
  3. Diabetes and some other systemic disease can reduce how resistant gums and bones are to damage.
  4. Hormonal changes also affect gum health. It could make a difference if you are pregnant or using an oral contraceptive.

What are the benefits of seeing a hygienist?

  1. Gum disease will get worse if it is not treated. Because it is painless, it can become very bad without noticing. When there is not enough supporting bone left, teeth become loose and eventually have to be taken out. Root planning can stop gum disease becoming worse and prevent tooth loss.
  2. Like scaling and polishing, root planning helps you to keep your teeth and gums clean at home. Dentists and hygienists cannot keep your mouth healthy by themselves. Your own cleaning is just as important.

Are you a New Patient?

Book online for your first dental appointment. Existing patients call 01603 920313.

Our location - Norwich Dentist

The practice is in a fantastic location in NR1 and benefits from free parking next door and is conveniently situated along Riverside Walk in between Norwich Station and Norwich City Football Club adjacent to the River Wensum. There are numerous buses that serve the practice with a major bus stop in Riverside Retail Park. For our less-abled patients, there is free parking right outside our front door.

"I brought myself to Dr Sawhney after a bad experience elsewhere involving the removal of a conspicuous tooth resulting in practical concerns and a loss of confidence. I was reassured by the quality of care and advice I received and was able to decide upon a dental implant with full knowledge of the costs and process, including the timescale of six months."

- Gary, Norfolk

“Dr. Sawhney has been excellent at recommending the correct treatments and ensuring I have had the best service possible. I would recommend Riverside Dental to everyone, especially nervous patients, as the staff could not make you feel more relaxed. I am now more confident in my appearance, which makes a hugh difference!”

- Harry, Cambridge

“Amazing dental practice who I have already highly recommended to all of my family and friends. Not only are all of the staff so helpful and friendly, but they have transformed my smile. I also recommend the Invisalign treatment as well as having bonding work, as Bim did an outstanding job! Thanks again.”

- Stuart, Suffolk
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